WCF 11- Not Guilty
WCF 11- Not Guilty
11:1 Those whom God effectually calleth, He also freely justifieth(Rom_3:24; Rom_8:30): not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness, but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them (Jer_23:6; Rom_3:22, Rom_3:24, Rom_3:25, Rom_3:27, Rom_3:28; Rom_4:5-8; Rom_5:17-19; 1Co_1:30, 1Co_1:31; 2Co_5:19, 2Co_5:21; Eph_1:7; Tit_3:5, Tit_3:7), they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God (Act_10:44; Act_13:38, Act_13:39; Gal_2:16; Eph_2:7, Eph_2:8; Phi_3:9).
11:2 Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification (Joh_1:12; Rom_3:28; Rom_5:1); yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love (Gal_5:6; Jam_2:17, Jam_2:22, Jam_2:26).
11:3 Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf (Isa_53:4-6, Isa_53:10-12; Dan_9:24, Dan_9:26; Rom_5:8-10; 1Ti_2:5, 1Ti_2:6; Heb_10:10, Heb_10:14). Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them (Rom_8:32); and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead (Mat_3:17; 2Co_5:21; Eph_5:2); and both freely, not for anything in them; their justification is only of free grace (Rom_3:24; Eph_1:7); that both the exact justice and rich grace of God, might be glorified in the justification of sinners (Rom_3:26; Eph_2:7).
11:4 God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect (Rom_8:30; Gal_3:8; 1Pe_1:2, 1Pe_1:19, 1Pe_1:20), and Christ did, in the fulness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification (Rom_4:25; Gal_4:4; 1Ti_2:6): nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit doth, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them (Gal_2:16; Col_1:21, Col_1:22; Tit_3:4-7).
11:5 God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified (Mat_6:12; 1Jo_1:7, 1Jo_1:9; 1Jo_2:1, 1Jo_2:2): and, although they can never fall from the state of justification (Luk_22:32; Joh_10:28; Heb_10:14); yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance(Psa_51:7-12; Psa_32:5; Psa_89:31-33; Mat_26:75; Luk_1:20; 1Co_11:30, 1Co_11:32).
11:6 The justification of believers under the old testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the new testament (Rom_4:22-24; Gal_3:9, Gal_3:13, Gal_3:14; Heb_13:8).
Summary statements we are taught:
A. Those That Are Effectually Called Are Also Justified (Wcf 11.1)
B. To Be Justified Is A Judicial Term (Wcf 11.1)
C. Justification Is Effected By Imputation (Wcf 11.1)
D. Justification Is Applied Through Faith, The Gift Of God (Wcf 11.1)
E. Justification Is By Faith Alone. (Wcf 11.2)
F. Justification Invariably Produces Good Works (Wcf 11.2)
G. Christ Has Provided The Bass For Justification (Wcf 11.3)
H. Justification Is Of Free Grace (Wcf 11.4)
I. Justification Of The Elect Is Eternally Decreed, Accomplished By Christ, And Is Applied In Time By The Holy Spirit (Wcf 11.4)
J. God Justifies Sinners Even With Respect To Sin After They Believe (Wcf 11.5)
K. Those Justified Can Fall Under Their Father’s Displeasure And Scourging (Wcf 11.6)
L. Justification Is The Same For All Believers In All Times (Wcf 11.6)