Wednesday, November 08, 2006

WCF 27 – Our God Works In Our Lives Through His Ordained Ways : The Sacraments Is One Of The Ways

WCF 27 – Our God Works In Our Lives Through His Ordained Ways : The Sacraments Is One Of The Ways

Chapter 27: Of the Sacraments

27:1 Sacraments are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace (Gen_17:7, Gen_17:10; Rom_4:11), immediately instituted by God (Mat_28:19; 1Co_11:23), to represent Christ and His benefits; and to confirm our interest in Him (Gal_3:27; 1Co_10:16; 1Co_11:25, 1Co_11:26); as also, to put a visible difference between those that belong unto the Church, and the rest of the world (Gen_34:14; Exo_12:48; Rom_15:8); and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to His Word (Rom_6:3, Rom_6:4; 1Co_10:16, 1Co_10:21).

27:2 There is, in every sacrament, as spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified: whence it comes to pass, that the names and the effects of the one are attributed to the other (Gen_17:10; Mat_26:27, Mat_26:28; Tit_3:5).

27:3 The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them: neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it (Rom_2:28, Rom_2:29; 1Pe_3:21): but upon the work of the Spirit (Mat_3:11; 1Co_12:13), and the word of institution, which contains, together with a precept authorizing the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers (Mat_26:27, Mat_26:28; Mat_28:19, Mat_28:20).

27:4 There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the Word lawfully ordained (Mat_28:19; 1Co_4:1; 1Co_11:20, 1Co_11:23; Heb_5:4).

27:5 The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard of the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New (1Co_10:1-4).

Summary statements we are taught:

A. What The Sacraments Are (Wcf 27.1)

B. Who Instated Them And How He Instituted Them (Wcf 27:1)

C. The Reason The Sacraments Were Instituted (Wcf 27.1)

D. We Are Taught What Errors To Refute – Especially Those Within The RCC Sacerdotal System (WCF 27. 2-5)

1. “The Sacraments Give Grace Through A Power Which They Possess To Sanctify The Souls Of Men As The Instruments Of God”*

2. “The One Administering A Sacrament Must Have The Intention Of Doing What The Church Does In Giving The Sacrament.”*

3. There Are Seven Sacraments:*

a. Baptism
b. Confirmation
c. Holy Eucharist
d. Penance

e. Extreme unction
f. Holy Orders
g. Matrimony

* From the RCC 1941 edition of the Baltimore Catechism


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