Friday, September 08, 2006

WCF 2 – The True and Living Triune God

WCF 2 – The True and Living Triune God

Ch. 2

Of God, and of the Holy Trinity

2:1 There is but one only (Deu_6:4; 1Co_8:4, 1Co_8:6) living, and true God (Jer_10:10; 1Th_1:9): who is infinite in being and perfection (Job_11:7-9, Job_26:14), a most pure spirit (Joh_4:24), invisible (1Ti_1:17), without body, parts (Deu_4:15, Deu_4:16; Luk_24:39; Joh_4:24), or passions (Act_14:11, Act_14:15), immutable (Mal_3:6; Jam_1:17), immense (1Ki_8:27; Jer_23:23, Jer_23:24), eternal (Psa_90:2; 1Ti_1:17), incomprehensible (Psa_145:3), almighty (Gen_17:1; Rev_4:8), most wise (Rom_16:27), most holy (Isa_6:3; Rev_4:8), most free (Psa_115:3), most absolute (Exo_3:14), working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will (Eph_1:11), for His own glory (Pro_16:4; Rom_11:36); most loving (1Jo_4:8, 1Jo_4:16), gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin (Exo_34:6, Exo_34:7); the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him (Heb_11:6); and with all most just and terrible in His judgments (Neh_9:32, Neh_9:33), hating all sin (Psa_5:5, Psa_5:6), and who will by no means clear the guilty (Exo_34:7; Nah_1:2, Nah_1:3).

2:2 God hath all life (Joh_5:26), glory (Act_7:2), goodness (Psa_119:68), blessedness (Rom_9:5; 1Ti_6:15), in and of Himself; and is alone in and unto Himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which He hath made (Act_17:24, Act_17:25), not deriving any glory from them (Job_22:2, Job_22:23), but only manifesting His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them: He is the alone fountain of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom are all things (Rom_11:36); and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them whatsoever Himself pleaseth (Dan_4:25, Dan_4:35; 1Ti_6:15; Rev_4:11). In His sight all things are open and manifest (Heb_4:13); His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature (Psa_147:5; Rom_11:33, Rom_11:34), so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain (Eze_11:5; Act_15:18). He is most holy in all His counsels, in all His works, and in all his commands Psa_145:17; Rom_7:12). To Him is due from angels and men, and every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience he is pleased to require of them (Rev_5:12-14).

2:3 In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost (Mat_3:16, Mat_3:17; Mat_28:19; 2Co_13:14; 1Jo_5:7). The Father is of none, neither begotten, nor proceeding: the Son is eternally begotten of the Father: the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son (Joh_1:14, Joh_1:18).

Summary statements which we are taught:

A. There Is Only One Living And True God. (WCF 2.1)

B. God Is Spirit (WCF 2.1)

C. God Possesses Certain Attributes Of Which Cannot Be Communicated To Men Or Other Creatures He Created. (WCF 2.1)

D. God Possesses Certain Attributes Of Which Can Be Communicated To Men Or To Other Creatures He May Be Please To Communicate Them To. (WCF 2.1)

E. God Is Not Dependent Upon Any Created Thing. (WCF 2.2)

F. God Is Independent Of All Created Things And Sovereign Over All Things. (WCF 2.2)

G. This One God Exists In Three Distinct Persons. (WCF 2.3)

H. Each Of These Three Persons Is Just God. (WCF 2.3)

I. Each Person Has Personal Distinctions One From Another. (WCF 2.3)


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